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Normalization, 2NF, and 3NF SQL Assignment Help Service


Are you faced with a challenging SQL assignment that involves transforming a relation schema from 2NF to 3NF? Look no further! At [Your Academic Assistance Service], we understand the intricacies of SQL and are here to guide you through this assignment and beyond.

In this blog, we'll dive into the world of database normalization, SQL statement creation, and various advanced SQL features that your assignment entails. We'll show you how our expert guidance and support can help you not only complete this assignment but also gain a deeper understanding of SQL fundamentals.


Database normalization is a critical concept in the world of database design and management. It's all about organizing your data efficiently to minimize redundancy and ensure data integrity. In essence, normalization helps you maintain a clean and well-structured database.

2NF and 3NF:

  • Second Normal Form (2NF): 2NF is the second step in the normalization process. It builds on the foundation of 1NF (First Normal Form) by eliminating partial dependencies. Partial dependencies occur when non-key attributes depend on only part of the primary key. By achieving 2NF, you ensure that each non-key attribute depends on the entire primary key.

  • Third Normal Form (3NF): 3NF takes the concept of normalization a step further. It addresses transitive dependencies, where non-key attributes depend on other non-key attributes. In 3NF, non-key attributes should have no transitive dependencies, meaning they are only dependent on the primary key.

Creating a Schema in 2NF but not in 3NF:

To understand the difference between 2NF and 3NF, let's consider an example of a relation schema that satisfies 2NF but not 3NF. Imagine a database for a library where you have two entities: "Books" and "Authors."

Books Table:

  • Book ID (Primary Key)

  • Book Title

  • Author ID (Foreign Key)

  • Author Name

Authors Table:

  • Author ID (Primary Key)

  • Author Name

In this schema, we have achieved 2NF because each non-key attribute (Book Title) depends on the entire primary key (Book ID). However, it is not in 3NF because the "Author Name" attribute in the "Books" table depends on the non-key attribute "Author ID" rather than the primary key of the "Authors" table.

This example illustrates why achieving 3NF is important. In 3NF, the "Author Name" should be moved to the "Authors" table, ensuring that non-key attributes depend only on the primary key of their respective tables. This separation minimizes redundancy and ensures data consistency.

Sample Assignment

Understanding the Assignment

Let's break down the components of your SQL assignment:

  • Create a 2NF Schema: You're tasked with designing a relation schema that's in 2NF but not in 3NF. Our experts will walk you through the principles of database normalization, helping you build a sound 2NF schema.

  • SQL Table Creation: We'll guide you through the process of translating your schema into SQL statements for table creation. You'll learn the syntax and best practices for creating tables in SQL.

  • Transform to 3NF: Database normalization is crucial for efficient data management. We'll help you take your 2NF schema and transform it into 3NF, ensuring data integrity and minimizing redundancy.

  • SQL Modification Statements: You'll need SQL statements to modify your tables according to the new 3NF schema. We'll provide step-by-step instructions and examples to make this process seamless.

  • Data Insertion: Reading data from files and inserting records into tables can be challenging. We'll demonstrate how to use SQL statements for this task, ensuring data consistency.

  • Exploring SQL Features: Your assignment requires you to showcase various SQL features, including join operations, correlation names, ordering tuples, set operations, handling NULL values, using aggregate functions, working with sub-queries, testing for duplicates, creating views, setting up indices, and managing table deletion. We'll provide real-world examples and explanations for each.


  1. This is an individual assignment. You are NOT supposed to work in groups.

  2. Assignment is due on Monday, November 7.

  3. Submit your assignment as a single file containing all SQL statements and other data files. The teaching assistants will run your file on a MySQL server. Make sure that your file properly runs on a MySQL server.

  4. Your SQL assignment 2 will be based on your assignment 1 submission. Therefore, indulging in copying is a dangerous business.


  • Create a relation schema which is in 2NF but not in 3NF.

  • Write SQL statements to create tables corresponding to this schema.

  • Modify this schema to be in 3NF.

  • Write SQL statements to modify tables according to new schema.

  • Write SQL statements to insert records into tables by reading data from files

  • Write SQL statements that demonstrate following features of SQL

  • Various join operations

  • Correlation name / Tuple variable o Ordering tuples in the output

  • Various set operations

  • Using NULL values

  • Using aggregate functions and HAVING clause

  • Nested sub-queries

  • Testing for duplicate tuples

  • Creating and using views

  • Creating various indices

  • Emptying all tables

  • Deleting all tables and the database

How We Can Help

Our SQL experts offer tailored solutions to address each aspect of your assignment:

  • Guidance and Explanation: We provide clear explanations and step-by-step guidance, ensuring you understand the principles behind each SQL concept.

  • Query Optimization: Learn techniques to write efficient SQL statements and optimize your queries for performance.

  • Error Resolution: Get prompt assistance in debugging and resolving any SQL errors or issues you encounter.

  • Personalized Support: Receive one-on-one support to tackle your unique challenges.

Why Choose Us

Here's why [Your Academic Assistance Service] is your ideal partner for mastering SQL assignments:

  • Expertise: Our team comprises SQL experts with extensive industry experience.

  • Customized Solutions: We tailor our guidance to your skill level and assignment requirements.

  • Timely Assistance: We understand deadlines and provide prompt support.

  • Comprehensive Learning: Beyond assignment help, we ensure you grasp the underlying concepts.

  • Affordable: We offer competitive pricing to make expert SQL assistance accessible.

Deliverables You Can Expect

When you choose [Your Academic Assistance Service], you can expect:

  • Well-structured SQL statements that meet your assignment requirements.

  • Improved SQL skills and a deeper understanding of database management.

  • Timely completion of assignments.

  • Personalized guidance to address your unique challenges.

  • Confidence in your ability to tackle future SQL tasks.

SQL proficiency is a valuable skill in today's data-driven world. Whether you're pursuing a career in data science, database administration, or software development, SQL expertise is a must-have. Codersarts is dedicated to helping you excel in SQL and overcome even the most complex database challenges.

Don't hesitate to reach out to us for expert assistance with your SQL assignments or any other programming-related queries. We're here to empower you on your journey to SQL mastery.


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