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Hibernate Assignment Help

Hi , Hope you are doing well . This post is focused on JAVA Hibernate Framenwork

Let start with Introduction.


What is Hibernate?

Hibernate is an open source Java persistence framework project. It performs powerful object-relational mapping and query databases using HQL and SQL. Hibernate is a great tool for ORM mappings in Java. It can cut down a lot of complexity and thus defects as well from your application, which may otherwise find a way to exist. This is specially boon for developers with limited knowledge of SQL.

Additionally, Hibernate is a standard implementation of the JPA specification, with a few additional features that are specific to Hibernate. 

Features of the Hibernate framework

  • Object/Relational Mapping Hibernate, as an ORM framework, allows the mapping of the Java domain object with database tables and vice versa. As a result, business logic is able to access and manipulate database entities via Java objects. It helps to speed up the overall development process by taking care of aspects such as transaction management, automatic primary key generation, managing database connections and related implementations, and so on.

  • JPA provider Hibernate does support the Java Persistence API (JPA) specification. JPA is a set of specifications for accessing, persisting, and managing data between Java objects and relational database entities.

  • Idiomatic persistence Any class that follows object-oriented principles such as inheritance, polymorphism, and so on, can be used as a persistent class.

  • High performance and scalability Hibernate supports techniques such as different fetching strategies, lazy initialization, optimistic locking, and so on, to achieve high performance, and it scales well in any environment.

  • Easy to maintain Hibernate is easier to maintain as it requires no special database tables or fields. It generates SQL at system initialization time. It is much quicker and easier to maintain compared to JDBC.

Components of Hibernate

Let’s look at the core components of hibernate architecture one by one.

  • SessionFactory (org.hibernate.SessionFactory): SessionFactory is an immutable thread-safe cache of compiled mappings for a single database. We can get instance of org.hibernate.Session using SessionFactory.

  • Session (org.hibernate.Session): Session is a single-threaded, short-lived object representing a conversation between the application and the persistent store. It wraps JDBC java.sql.Connection and works as a factory for org.hibernate.Transaction.

  • Persistent objects: Persistent objects are short-lived, single threaded objects that contains persistent state and business function. These can be ordinary JavaBeans/POJOs. They are associated with exactly one org.hibernate.Session.

  • Transient objects: Transient objects are persistent classes instances that are not currently associated with a org.hibernate.Session. They may have been instantiated by the application and not yet persisted, or they may have been instantiated by a closed org.hibernate.Session.

  • Transaction (org.hibernate.Transaction): Transaction is a single-threaded, short-lived object used by the application to specify atomic units of work. It abstracts the application from the underlying JDBC or JTA transaction. A org.hibernate.Session might span multiple org.hibernate.Transaction in some cases.

  • ConnectionProvider (org.hibernate.connection.ConnectionProvider): ConnectionProvider is a factory for JDBC connections. It provides abstraction between the application and underlying javax.sql.DataSource or java.sql.DriverManager. It is not exposed to application, but it can be extended by the developer.

  • TransactionFactory (org.hibernate.TransactionFactory): A factory for org.hibernate.Transaction instances.

Create First Application using Hibernate


index.jsp

This page gets input from the user and sends it to the register.jsp file using post method.


<form action="register.jsp" method="post">  
Name:<input type="text" name="name"/><br><br/>  
Password:<input type="password" name="password"/><br><br/>  
Email ID:<input type="text" name="email"/><br><br/>  
<input type="submit" value="register"/>"  
  
</form>  

register.jsp

This file gets all request parameters and stores this information into an object of User class. Further, it calls the register method of UserDao class passing the User class object.

<%@page import="com.javatpoint.mypack.UserDao"%>  
<jsp:useBean id="obj" class="com.codersarts.myexample.User">  
</jsp:useBean>  
<jsp:setProperty property="*" name="obj"/>  
  
<%  
int i=UserDao.register(obj);  
if(i>0)  
out.print("You are successfully registered");  
  
%>  


User.java

It is the simple bean class representing the Persistent class in hibernate

package com.codersarts.myexample;  
  
public class User {  
private int id;  
private String name,password,email;  
  
//getters and setters  
  
}  

user.hbm.xml

It maps the User class with the table of the database.


<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>  
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC  
 "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 5.3//EN"  
 "http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-mapping-5.3.dtd">  
  
 <hibernate-mapping>  
 <class name="com.codersarts.myexample.User" table="u400">  
 <id name="id">  
 <generator class="increment"></generator>  
 </id>  
 <property name="name"></property>  
 <property name="password"></property>  
 <property name="email"></property>  
 </class>  
         
 </hibernate-mapping>  


UserDao.java

A Dao class, containing method to store the instance of User class.

package com.codersarts.myexample;    
  
import org.hibernate.Session;  
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;  
import org.hibernate.Transaction;  
import org.hibernate.boot.Metadata;  
import org.hibernate.boot.MetadataSources;  
import org.hibernate.boot.registry.StandardServiceRegistry;  
import org.hibernate.boot.registry.StandardServiceRegistryBuilder;  
   
public class UserDao {    
    
public static int register(User u){    
 int i=0;    
  
 StandardServiceRegistry ssr = new StandardServiceRegistryBuilder().configure("hibernate.cfg.xml").build();  
 Metadata meta = new MetadataSources(ssr).getMetadataBuilder().build();  
  
SessionFactory factory = meta.getSessionFactoryBuilder().build();  
Session session = factory.openSession();  
Transaction t = session.beginTransaction();   
  
i=(Integer)session.save(u);    
  
t.commit();    
session.close();    
    
return i;    
   
 }    
}    


hibernate.cfg.xml

It is a configuration file, containing informations about the database and mapping file.


<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>  
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC  
          "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 5.3//EN"  
          "http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-configuration-5.3.dtd">  
  
<hibernate-configuration>  
  
<session-factory>  
 <property name="hbm2ddl.auto">create</property>  
 <property name="dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.Oracle9Dialect</property>  
 <property name="connection.url">jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:xe</property>  
 <property name="connection.username">root</property>  
 <property name="connection.password">password</property>  
 <property name="connection.driver_class">oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver</property>  
      
 <mapping resource="user.hbm.xml"/>  
 </session-factory>  
  
</hibernate-configuration>  

HQL used with Hibernate


Hibernate Query Language (HQL) is same as SQL (Structured Query Language) but it doesn't depends on the table of the database. Instead of table name, we use class name in HQL. So it is database independent query language.

Advantage of HQL

There are many advantages of HQL. They are as follows:

  • database independent

  • supports polymorphic queries

  • easy to learn for Java Programmer

Common Tasks in Hibernate

  1. Employee management system using hibernate

  2. GUI application using hibernate

  3. Web Application using jsp/servlet

  4. Web API using spring boot and hibernate


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  • Hibernate Assignment Help

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  • Error Resolving in Hibernate Code

  • Mentorship in Hibernate from Experts

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